Vine Wiring

The firm is known to have installed at least 500 vineries during their existence and offered two types of vine support: one that positioned the vine in its traditional position at the front of the greenhouse and the other at the back of the lean-to or ¾-span greenhouse. Whilst there are many occasions when the firm installed such systems along the back wall of the greenhouses, they were almost always never used for growing vines.

Vinery Wiring

The firm’s standard front support solution used a series of metal bar, known as wiring irons, with pre drilled holes to accommodate vine wire, running the length of the greenhouse set at various intervals from front to back. Vine wire was then attached to these bars running from the front to the back and very occasionally from side to side, close to the top of the greenhouse. The vines were then attached to the network of wires. This system was integrated into the greenhouse design, based on Thomas Messenger’s 1868 patent, which introduced iron muntins and tension rods. One problem with this solution was that it had to be designed into the original build, as it used a special iron muntin; one with a wiring iron support, which was not the standard model used for their other greenhouses. The series of wiring irons attached to the iron muntins at the front of the greenhouse, to special horse shoe shaped attachments, which incorporated a tension prop and finally to the iron brackets at the back of the greenhouse.


1877 Vinery


1897 Vinery


1908 Vinery


1914 Vinery


1926 Vinery


1928 Vinery


1930 Vinery


Back Wall Wire Trellises

The firm typically only used two methods of wiring the back walls of their greenhouses. In most cases it involved creating a trellis a few inches from the wall surface using standard wine wire or on rare occasions round metal rods. These were held in place and tensioned using several techniques normally involving angle iron, rectangular iron rods, numerous types of vine eyes and eye bolts.

1890s Conservatory


1900 ¾-Span Greenhouse


1903 ¾-Span Range


1909 Lean-to Range


1914 ¾-Span Greenhouse


1929 Lean-to Range